Wangechi Mutu was born in 1972 in Nairobi, Kenya, she works in New York and Nairobi.

Mutu attended Cooper Union for the Advancement of the Arts and Science, New York in 1996, and later gained an MFA in Sculpture from Yale School of Art, New Haven, Connecticut in 2000.

Mutu has shown her work in institutional venues for solo shows, including Storm King Art Center, New Windsor, NY (2022); Institute of Contemporary Art Boston, Boston (2018); Blanton Museum of Art, Texas (2018); The Contemporary Austin, Texas (2017); Performa 17 Biennial, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (2017); The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (2016); Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York (2013), the Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami (2014), and the Mary and Leigh Block Museum, Northwestern University, Illinois (2014); the Sydney Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney; Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin (2010); Art Gallery of Ontario, Ontario (2010); Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego (2009); and Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna (2008).

Her work was featured at the 56th International Exhibition of Contemporary Art, Venice Biennale (2015), and has been presented in exhibitions at institutions including Centre Pompidou-Metz, Paris, (2022), The Phillips Collection, Washington DC (2020); Israel Museum, Jerusalem (2020); Centre Pompidou, Paris (2020); Smithsonian National Museum of African Art, Washington DC (2019, 2015 and 2014); MASS MoCA, Massachusetts (2019); Nasher Museum of Art, North Carolina (2018); Blanton Museum of Art, Texas (2018); Museo Nazionale delle Arti del XXI Secolo (MAXXI), Rome (2018); Museum of Contemporary Art Africa, Cape Town (2017–2019); Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago (2020, 2017 and 2014); Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris (2017); Studio Museum in Harlem (2017); Tel Aviv Museum of Art (2016- 2017); Fondazione Prada, Milan (2016); Yale University School of Art, New Haven (2016); Museum of the African Diaspora, San Francisco (2016); the Grand Palais, Paris (2015); Museum of the African Diaspora, San Francisco (2015); Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humblebaek (2015); Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt (2014); Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro (2013); Tate St. Ives, United Kingdom (2013); National Gallery of Canada, Ontario (2013); Kochi-Muziris Biennale, India (2012); Palais de Tokyo, Paris (2012); Brooks Art Museum, Memphis (2012); MOCA, Los Angeles (2010); Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver (2010); Tate Liverpool, United Kingdom (2010); 10th Biennale d'art Contemporain de Lyon (2009); and The New Museum, New York (2008).

Wangechi Mutu received the 2010 Deutsche Bank Artist of the Year award and has been selected for numerous awards and grants.